There is a huge debate regarding human rights and their significance and they can easily be comprehended by using a number of ways. Many view these rights as the right that is offered when a person is born and takes it into a natural perspective while many other think of it as rights that are provided by a state and must be guarded by it.
Despite race, ethnicity, state, nationality, colour etc. all people have certain basic rights that must be given to everyone and in case they are violated, all people must stand against this violation.
Human rights and protection:
Human rights offer protection to human beings. Thus, it is important to provide everyone with their basic human rights. We are all protected by human rights no matter what and so these rights should not be disturbed either at all or only in extreme situations. Here are some examples of general human rights and how they work; a person’s “right to liberty” (i.e. freedom) may be restricted(e.g. sent to jail), if he or she commits a crime or one person’s “right to peaceful enjoyment of property” can be taken away if he or she does something on their land (e.g. home) that causes “nuisance” (e.g. too much noise) to their neighbor.
Human rights and punishments:
Indeed, the above can be seen as punishments when people go over the limits of their human rights, disturbing the rights of others who also equally share these rights. However, as the word “punishment” suggests, nobody can be charged for having done something or have their rights disturbed if the offence was not a crime when it was committed. This means that to be punished by the law, there must be laws already existing that do not allow that offence and these laws must be written very clearly so that people know what actions are criminal in nature. This in itself is a human right, being “no punishment without law” and is found in Article 7 of the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR).
Right to education is the foremost one:
Among the human rights, the “right to education” is one that is very well accepted internationally. This is one of the most important human rights because of its supporting nature. It means education is not only good in itself as it increases knowledge, it also gives people the ability to access and use other core rights. It gives people the confidence to make informed decisions, either to protect themselves from having their rights disturbed or to hold those who abuse power responsible. It helps people to join more actively in their social and economic rights too, such as obtaining land rights and investments. So, these economic trends increase the importance of education because of the modernization and easier access to information in the economy, particularly in Africa.